Content prepared by the Sloan Center on Aging & Work at Boston College

Job sharing is an arrangement that allows two or more employees to share the responsibilities of one full-time job. The employees may share all of the tasks or divide the responsibilities according to skill. Thus, two or more workers fulfill the responsibilities of one job while working on a part-time basis. Compensation and benefits are also shared.

  • One worker works Tuesday/Thursday and the other worker works Monday/Wednesday/Friday. Per the employer's direction, they share some tasks of the job and split the others in a way that ensures that the work gets done.
  • Two workers split the work of a single position 60%/40%, share the salary accordingly, and are in the office two days per week at the same time.
  • Two workers share a single position and decide together when each will work and which tasks each will perform.
  • Two workers have unrelated part-time assignments but share the same budget line.

Benefits to EmployeeBenefits to EmployerChallenges
  • A job share position is established as a full-time job with the benefits that the employer typically offers to full-time employees -- the two employees who share the job not only divide the tasks, but they also split the compensation and benefits allocated to that position.
  • Job sharing allows employees to continue to work in a permanent position during periods when they need reduced hours to accommodate other demands (caregiving, education, etc.)
  • Retain a skilled employee who might otherwise not be able to continue employment.
  • Job sharing offers access to a wider range of skills and knowledge.
  • It also taps into a wider employment pool. (78)
  • Need for excellent coordination between the jobholders in regard to handover periods, cover arrangements, and communications. (78)